Stephen D. Younger's Publications

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"Partial Multidimensional Inequality Orderings," 2011, Journal of Public Economics 95(3–4):225-238 (April) (with Jean-Yves Duclos and David E. Sahn).

"El Impacto de Programas de Transferencias a las Madres de Familia en la Seguridad Alimentaria de los Niños/as: Un Análisis Comparado de los Casos de México y Ecuador" in Ana Fonseca, ed., Transferencias Condicionadas: Erradicación del Hambre y la Desnutrición Crónica, vol 2, FAO, 2009.

"Living Standards in Africa," in Sudhir Anand, Paul Segal, and Joseph E. Stiglitz, editors, Debates on the Measurement of Poverty, Oxford University Press, 2009 (with David E. Sahn).

"Fiscal Incidence in Africa: Microeconomic Evidence," in Augustin Fosu, Germano Mwabu and Erik Thorbecke, editors, Poverty in Africa: Analytical and Policy Perspectives, University of Nairobi Press, 2009 (with David E. Sahn).

"Risk, Knowledge and Health in Africa: Introduction to the Symposium," 2009, African Development Review 21(1): 1-4 (April) (with Olu Ajakaiye, Christopher B. Barrett, Ravi Kanbur, and David E. Sahn).

"Measuring Intra-Household Inequality: Explorations Using the Body Mass Index," 2009, Health Economics 18(S1): S13-S36 (UNU-WIDER Special Issue on Health and Development) (with David E. Sahn).

"Growth and Poverty Reduction in Sub-Saharan Africa: Macroeconomic Adjustment and Beyond," in Paul Collier and Jan Willem Gunning, editors, Poverty and Globalization, Edward Elgar Publishing, April, 2008 (with David E. Sahn).

"Infant Mortality in Uganda: Determinants, Trends, and the Millennium Development Goals, 2008, Journal of African Economies 17(1):34-61 (January) (with Sarah Ssewanyana).

"The Joint Demand for Health Care, Leisure, and Commodities: Implications for Health Care Finance and Access in Vietnam," 2007, Journal of Development Studies 43(8):1475-1500 (November) (with Chad Meyerhoefer and David Sahn).

"Using an Ordinal Approach to Multidimensional Poverty Analysis," 2007, in Nanak Kakwani and Jacques Silber, eds., Quantitative Approaches to Multidimensional Poverty Measurement, pp. 244-261, Palgrave-MacMillan (with Jean-Yves Duclos and David E. Sahn).

"Robust Multidimensional Poverty Comparisons with Discrete Indicators of Well-being," 2007, in Stephen P. Jenkins and JohnMicklewright, eds., Poverty and Inequality Re-examined, Oxford University Press (with Jean-Yves Duclos and David E. Sahn).

"Transfer Payments, Mother’s Income, and Child Health in Ecuador ," 2007, Journal of Development Studies 43(6):1126-1143 (with Mauricio León).

"Robust Multidimensional Spatial Poverty Comparisons in Ghana, Madagascar, and Uganda," 2006. World Bank Economic Review, 20(1):91-113 (with Jean-Yves Duclos and David Sahn).

"Making Multidimensional Poverty Comparisons," 2006. The Economic Journal, 116(514):943-968 (with Jean-Yves Duclos and David Sahn).

"Changes in Inequality and Poverty in Latin America: Looking Beyond Income to Health and Education," 2006, Journal of Applied Economics IX(2):215-234 (November) (with David Sahn).

"Improvements in Children’s Health: Does Inequality Matter?" 2005, Journal of Economic Inequality, 3(2):125-143 (with David E. Sahn).

"Growth and Poverty Reduction in Sub-Saharan Africa: Macroeconomic Adjustment and Beyond," 2004, Journal of African Economies. 13, Number 90001, i66-i95 (with David Sahn).

"Review of The Least Developed Countries Report 2002: Escaping the Poverty Trap," 2003, Journal of African Economies 12(4):672-678.

"Estimating the Incidence of Indirect Taxes in Developing Countries," 2003, in Francois Bourguignon and Luiz Pereira da Silva, editors, Techniques and Tools for Evaluating the Poverty Impact of Economic Policies, New York: Oxford University Press.

"Decomposing World Health Inequality," 2003, Journal of Health Economics, 22(2):271-293 (with Menno Pradhan and David Sahn).

"Demand for Health Care in Tanzania: Public-Private Tradeoffs," 2003, Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, 65(2):241-260 (with David Sahn and Garance Genicot).

"Benefits on the Margin: Evaluating Alternatives to Traditional Benefit Incidence Analysis," 2003, World Bank Economic Review, 17(1):89-106.

"Public Expenditures and Poverty in Peru," 2002, in Christian Morrisson, ed., Education and Health Expenditure, and Development: the Cases of Indonesia and Peru. Paris: OECD.

"Dominance Testing of Transfers in Romania," 2000, Review of Income and Wealth, 46(3):309-327 (with David Sahn and Kenneth Simler).

"Expenditure Incidence in Africa: Microeconomic Evidence," 2000, Fiscal Studies, 21(3):329-347 (with David Sahn).

"Aid, Debt, and Growth in Ghana," 2000, in Ernest Aryeetey, Jane Harrigan and Machiko Nissanke, eds., Economic Reforms in Ghana: The Miracle and the Mirage, Trenton, NJ: African World Press (with Jane Harrigan).

"The Relative Progressivity of Social Services in Ecuador," 1999, Public Finance Review, 27(3):310-352.

"Tax Incidence in Madagascar: an Analysis Using Household Data," 1999, World Bank Economic Review, 13(2):303-331 (with David Sahn, Paul Dorosh, and Steven Haggeblade).

"A Reply to De Maio, Stewart, and van der Hoeven: Computable General Equilibrium Model, Adjustment and the Poor in Africa," 1999, World Development, 27(3):471-475 (with David Sahn and Paul Dorosh).

Economic Policy and Poverty: Structural Adjustment in Africa Reconsidered, 1997, New York: Cambridge University Press (with David Sahn and Paul Dorosh).

Incidencia Distributiva del Gasto Público en el Ecuador, 1997, Quito: FLACSO (with Lily Jara and Mauricio Villafuerte)

"Public Finance and Public Employment: An Analysis of Public Sector Retrenchment Programs in Ghana and Guinea," 1996, in Henry Bruton and Catharine Hill, editors, The Evaluation of Public Expenditure in Africa, Washington: The World Bank (with Bradford Mills, David Sahn, and E.E. Walden).

"Exchange Rate, Fiscal, and Agricultural Policies in Africa: Does Adjustment Hurt the Poor?", 1996, World Development 24(4):719-747 (with David Sahn and Paul Dorosh).

"Estimating Tax Incidence in Ghana Using Household Data,", 1996, in David E. Sahn, editor, Economic Reform and the Poor in Africa, New York: Oxford University Press.

"Labor Market Consequences of Retrenchment for Civil Servants in Ghana," 1996, in David E. Sahn, editor, Economic Reform and the Poor in Africa, New York: Oxford University Press.

"A Comparison of Ghanaian Civil Servants’ Earnings Before and After Retrenchment," 1995, Journal of African Economies 4, No. 2, pp. 259-288 (with Harold Alderman and Sudharshan Canagarajah).

"Exchange Rate Management in Ghana," 1994, in James S. Duesenberry et al., Improving Exchange Rate Management in Sub-Saharan Africa, CAER Discussion Paper No. 31, Cambridge, MA: Harvard Institute for International Development (November).

"Exchange Rate Management in Uganda," 1994, in James S. Duesenberry et al., Improving Exchange Rate Management in Sub-Saharan Africa, CAER Discussion Paper No. 31, Cambridge, MA: Harvard Institute for International Development (November) (with Jeffrey D. Lewis).

"Consequences of Permanent Lay-Off from the Civil Service: Results from a Survey of Retrenched Civil Servants in Ghana," 1994, in David Lindauer and Barbara Nunberg, editors, Public Sector Wage and Employment Policies in Sub-Saharan Africa, Washington, DC: The World Bank (with Harold Alderman and Sudharshan Canagarajah).

"Monetary Management in Ghana," 1993, in James S. Duesenberry et al., Improving Monetary Management in Sub-Saharan Africa, CAER Discussion Paper No. 11, Cambridge, MA: Harvard Institute for International Development (November).

"The Economic Impact of a Foreign Debt Bail-out for Private Firms in Ecuador," 1992, Journal of Development Studies 29, no. 3 (April).

"Aid and the Dutch Disease: Macroeconomic Management When Everybody Loves You," 1992, World Development 20, no. 11 (November).

"Testing the Link Between Devaluation and Inflation: Time Series Evidence from Ghana," 1992, Journal of African Economies 1, no. 3 (November).

"Competitive Allocation of Global Credit Ceilings," 1991, Cornell Food and Nutrition Policy Program, Working Paper No. 12, (September).

"La Fuga de Capitales en el Ecuador: 1974-1986," 1988, Questiones Económicas, (Winter).

"Ghana's Economic Recovery Program: A Case Study of Stabilization and Structural Adjustment in Sub-Saharan Africa," 1989, in McFarland, Earl L., et al., Successful Development Activity in Africa: Case Studies of Projects, Programs, and Policies, Economic Development Institute, World Bank.

"The Onchocerciasis Control Program," 1989, in McFarland, Earl L., et al., Successful Development Activity in Africa: Case Studies of Projects, Programs, and Policies, Economic Development Institute, World Bank. (with Jean- Baptiste Zongo).

"The Projet Agro-Forestier: A Case Study of Agricultural Research and Extension in Burkina Faso," 1989, in McFarland, Earl L., et al., Successful Development Activity in Africa: Case Studies of Projects, Programs, and Policies, Economic Development Institute, World Bank. (with Edouard Bonkoungou).

"Inflation-Indexed Exchange Rates and Macroeconomic Stability in Less-Developed Countries," 1986, Stanford University, Ph.D. dissertation.

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WORK IN PROGRESS

"Options for an Inclusive Growth Index for Africa," 2013 (with Abebe Shimeles).

"Child Health Improvements across the Income Distribution," 2013 (with David Sahn).

"Pro-Poor Policies in Sudan and South Sudan: A Study Based on the National Baseline Household Survey of 2009," 2012, CFNPP Working Paper No. 242 (with David E. Sahn).

"Labor Market Activities and Fertility," 2006, CFNPP Working Paper #218. Presented at the AERC/Hewlett Foundation Workshop, "Poverty and Economic Growth: The Impact of Population Dynamics and Reproductive Health Outcomes in Africa" in Brussels, Belgium, November 5-6, 2006.

"An Assessment of Changes in Infant and under-Five Mortality in Demographic and Health Survey Data for Madagascar," 2006, CFNPP Working Paper #207 (with Peter Glick and David Sahn).

"Inequality and Poverty in Africa in an Era of Globalization: Looking Beyond Income to Health and Education," 2007, CFNPP Working Paper #194. Prepared for the UNU-WIDER Conference on “The Impact of Globalization on the Poor in Africa,” Johannesburg, South Africa, 1-2 December, 2005. (with David E. Sahn).

"Gender Equity and the Impacts of Public Water Provision in Uganda," (with Peter Glick).

"Children’s Health Status in Uganda," 2005, CFNPP Working Paper #188 (with Godfrey Bahiigwa).

"Decomposing World Education Inequality," 2007, CFNPP Working Paper #187 (with David E. Sahn).

"Changes in Tax Incidence in Uganda, 1992-2003," (with Margaret Banga, John Matovu, and Sarah Ssewanyana).

"Growth and Poverty Reduction in Uganda, 1992-1999: A Multidimensional Analysis of Changes in Living Standards," 2003, CFNPP Working Paper #151.

"Indirect Tax Incidence in Madagascar: Updated Estimates Using the Input-Output Table," 2003, CFNPP Working Paper #147 (with Harivelo Rajemison and Steven Haggblade).

"Cross-Country Determinants of Declines in Infant Mortality: A Growth Regression Approach," 2001, CFNPP Working Paper #130.

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OTHER WRITTEN REPORTS

"Making Growth More Inclusive: Integrating Lagging and Leading Areas," 2011. (with Sarah Ssewanyana and Ibrahim Kasirye)

"Consultancy Report Reviewing the National Strategy for Poverty Reduction (NSPR): Policies and Programmes for Economic Diversification, Employment and Poverty Reduction," 2010, (with Pelotshweu Moepeng and Happy Kufigwa Siphambe).

"Technical Support for Undertaking Survey-Based Poverty Monitoring for the GoB/UNDP Poverty Programme," 2009, (with Peter Glick).

"Strengthening the understanding of the dynamics of poverty in Northern Uganda," 2006, report prepared for the World Bank Northern Uganda Social Action Fund (with Sarah Ssewanyana and Ibrahim Kasirye).

"Integrating Gender into Public Expenditure Analysis," 2003, report prepared for the World Bank Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Network (with Peter Glick and Rumki Saha).

"Rural Poverty in Bulgaria: Characteristics and Trends," 2002, report prepared for the World Bank (with Chad Meyerhoefer and David Sahn).

"An Assessment of Four Social Fund Evaluations," 2000, report prepared for World Bank Operations Evaluation Department (with David Sahn).

"Intertemporal Changes in Welfare: Preliminary Results from Ten African Countries," 2000, (with David Sahn and David Stifel).

"Pauvreté à Madagascar: défi public et stratégies des ménages," 2000, report prepared for the Government of Madagascar (with Yazid Dissou, Paul Dorosh, Benoît Dostie, Peter Glick, Steven Haggblade, Harivelo Rajemison, Soahiantana Rakotondrainibe, Bodo Ralantoaarilolona, Jeannine Ramarakoto, Patricia Ramaroson, Iarivony Randretsa, Josée Randriamamonjy, Julia Rachel Ravelosoa, Raymond Razafindrabe, Jean Razafindravonona, David Sahn, and Kenneth Simler).

"Incidence des impôts indirects à Madagascar: Estimations à partir du tableau Entrée- Sortie," 2000, Institut National de la Statistique, Madagscar, and CFNPP Working Paper #106 (with Harivelo Rajemison).

"Dominance Testing of Social Sector Expenditures and Taxes in Africa," 1999, IMF Working Paper #WP99/172.

"Macroeconomic Adjustment Policies and Poverty in the Caribbean," 1995, report prepared for the World Bank.

"Economic Reform in Africa: A Foundation for Poverty Alleviation," 1994, report prepared for the annual meetings of the SPA Working Group for Africa, Paris, France (September).

"Report on the Foreign Exchange Markets in Ghana," 1993, consultant’s report prepared for the World Bank.

"Uganda: Review of the Efficiency of Donor Import Support Within the Present Structure of Foreign Exchange Markets," 1992, consultant’s report prepared for USAID/Uganda.

"Macroeconomic Foundations for Accelerated Growth," 1992, consultant’s report prepared for The World Bank.

"The Policy Environment for Small-Scale Enterprises in Ghana," 1992, consultant’s report for The International Fund for Agricultural Development.

"Ghana: Macroeconomic Environment for Export Promotion," 1992, (with Curtis Youngblood, Cletus Dordunoo, Felipe Larraín, and Thomas Grennes), consultant’s report to The United States Agency for International Development.

"Métodos e Importancia del Realizar Ajustes para Inflación a Los Estados Financieros," 1990, report prepared for the Superintendencia de Compañías del Ecuador.

"Rendimiento y Rentabilidad del Sector Empresarial en el Ecuador: 1982-1987," 1990, report prepared for the Superintendencia de Compañías del Ecuador.

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