1979-1983 CARNEGIE-MELLON UNIVERSITY, Pittsburgh, PA. PhD. Degree in Applied History and Social Science
Dissertation Title: Textiles for Defense: Emergency Policy for Textiles and Apparel in the Twentieth Century. Advisor: Joel Tarr.
HONORS: Fellowship in Technology and Society, 1979-83.

1972 UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH, Graduate School of Library and Information Sciences. Selected graduate courses.

1969-1971 UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH, Classics Department. B.A. Degree in Classics with specialization in ancient science and technology.
HONORS: Dean's List 1971; graduated Summa Cum Laude.

1967-1969 UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS, Austin, Classics Department.
HONORS: William James Battle Scholarship, 1967.


1999-2003 Cornell University Library cataloging training workshops.

1985-1991 Regional Council of Historical Agencies, workshops on museum administration and collections management.

1983-1985 National Defense University (National War College and Industrial College of the Armed Forces), Washington DC.
Graduate certificate in National Security Management.

1981-1985 Federal Emergency Management Agency, Washington DC. Seminars and workshops on defense and mobilization

1977 Community College of Allegheny County, Pittsburgh PA. Seminar on Management by Objectives

1976 Valentine Museum, Richmond VA. Certificate in Textile Conservation